THE ROLE OF BASIC AND SPECIFIC COMPETENCES IN THE TEACHING OF FINE ART IN SERBIA
Developing the competences needed for life in contemporary civilization raised the question of the position of students and the role of teachers in the educational process. One of the tasks of the educational process is to help acquire and develop student competences as the basis for further improvement of intrapersonal and interpersonal skills. In this process, the teacher is the key factor whose professional competences influence in which direction and how intensively students will progress and develop. In the professional literature we come across a large number of competencies lists that indicate the characteristics and abilities that teachers make qualified to do their job. We can observe the standards of general professional competencies of the teacher from the perspective of educational goals concerning the successful development of the personality of the child as a whole, as well, as the specificities of the teaching area, in this case art, apropos the teaching of fine arts. In Serbia, there is a trend of modernizing programs and aligning goals and educational outcomes to the requirements of contemporary educational practice and a society in which education plays an important role. In this spirit, the definition of educational outcomes adapts, on the one hand, to the specifics of the area, in this case in the field of art, and on the other hand, to the needs of the school, that is, pupils, especially individualization, creative development and socialization of children. In that light this work will be represented with the key aim to reach out the better cometences for outstanding teachers.