One of the systemic problems of modern education is its alienation from humans. To solve this problem, the author substantiates the need to introduce the principle of human-like education in pedagogics, according to which education is a means of identifying and realizing the possibilities of a person in relation to himself/ herself and the world. Education in this case is understood literally – the formation of a student. The initial basis for determining the goals and trajectory of training is the student, whose activities are organized with the help of a teacher. The human-shaped approach involves the choice of two parameters as a basis for the design of education: the educational potential of the student and its purpose. The first parameter is the initial, the second – the image of the result, which is an educational mission of a person. In the article, the substantiation of the notion "student’s mission" as an internal characteristic of a person, potentially containing his / her values and reference points, is offered. To build a pedagogical model the author introducesthe concepts of "student’s predestination", "student’s predisposition", "student’s preferences", the typology of the student's aspirations and the system of competences followed from it. Five types of aspirations serving as the basis for the corresponding competences are considered: cognitive, creative, organizational, communicative and axiological. Research and development are conducted within the framework of the scientific school of human-oriented education, working on the basis of the Institute of Human Education (Moscow).

DOI: 10.18413/2313-8971-2018-4-1-51-64
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